The Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has approved US$16.1 million for The Gambia to enable the authorities to meet their urgent balance of payment needs.
- The Board’s approval enables the immediate disbursement of US$16.1 million, which is equivalent to 18.75 percent of The Gambia’s quota in the IMF.
- The IMF financial assistance is intended to address urgent balance of payments needs that have arisen on account of the shocks.
- Determined and strong policy implementation under the staff monitored program
will be critical to restoring macroeconomic stability, help catalyze further donor financing and establish a track record as the basis for future program engagement with the IMF.
The approval by the IMF on June 26, 201, is an emergency financial assistance under the Rapid Credit Facility (RCF). the Board was also informed about the IMF Managing Director’s approval of a one-year staff-monitored program (SMP) to guide policy implementation.
Following the Executive Board discussion, Mr. Mitsuhiro Furusawa, Deputy Managing Director and Acting Chair, said The Gambia faces an urgent balance of payments need that is triggered by a weak agricultural season, lower tourism receipts due to the political turmoil early this year, and higher commodity prices.
The IMF states that with the recent political transition, the new government has inherited a dire economic situation and the country is faced with an urgent balance of payments need and a precariously low level of usable international reserves.
“The Gambia has been hit by a bad agricultural season, the political turmoil following the elections in December 2016 has greatly reduced tourism receipts in early 2017, and higher fuel and commodity prices put further strain on the balance of payments. These shocks have exacerbated an already fragile macroeconomic situation, reflecting past economic mismanagement,” according to IMF press release.
The IMF states that the financial assistance will help fill budgetary gaps while the authorities implement economic and structural policies aimed at restoring macroeconomic stability and reducing poverty.
“The Gambian authorities are strongly committed to a break with past policies and to restoring macroeconomic stability and debt sustainability. To that end, they intend to implement strong fiscal measures in 2017 and beyond,” he said, adding that the country is committed to drastically reducing domestic borrowing, by ending central bank deficit financing, and are taking substantive measures to increase non-tax revenue and reduce expenditures in 2017.
“The authorities also plan to undertake comprehensive reforms of key state-owned enterprises to secure the planned fiscal adjustment. These efforts are complemented by substantial external support from development partners. However, sustained further efforts beyond 2017 will be needed to secure fiscal sustainability.”
Furusawa said further that The Gambia’s high public debt exposes it to significant vulnerabilities and that to reduce these vulnerabilities, multilateral development banks have committed to provide additional support and assurances of highly concessional support have been received from some of The Gambia’s major official bilateral creditors.
“The IMF is supporting the efforts of The Gambia with resources from the Rapid Credit Facility. In addition, determined and strong policy implementation under the staff monitored program will be critical to restoring macroeconomic stability, help catalyze further donor financing and establish a track record as the basis for future program engagement with the IMF.”